Forex Pair Trade Pound Dollar: Analyzing Exchange Rate Dynamics.

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In the world of forex, volatility is a key factor which represents potential risk and reward as well as a key metric in technical analysis that can impact trading strategies. In this article, we’ll look at forex currency pairs in general, explore the 10 most volatile currency pairs as well as the most liquid pairs.

Currency forex pair

A currency pair is made up of currencies of two different countries. Each currency has its own inherent value which fluctuates based on market conditions. They are traded in pairs because when you buy one currency, you’re automatically selling another (and vice versa).

In a currency pair such as EUR/USD, the currency on the left (EUR) is known the base currency and the one on the right (USD) is the quote currency. The price of a currency pair is based on how much quote currency is needed to buy one unit of base currency.

Where is the currency forex pair traded?

Currency pairs are traded in a decentralised forex market that is open 24/5 from Monday to Friday. Retail traders make up approximately 10% of all forex trades. This means that 90% of all forex trades are executed by banks, hedge funds, and other financial institutions. There are 4 major trading sessions, namely New York, London, Tokyo and Sydney.

The most active trading takes place during the Asian, European and North American sessions, with overlaps occurring. Different time zones and daylight savings time may affect opening and closing times of these sessions.

What is volatility?

Volatility measures the amount by which price fluctuates over a given period. It measures how large the upswings and downswings are for a specific currency pair. When a currency’s price fluctuates wildly up and down, it has high volatility.

The most volatile currencies will generally have less liquidity. This is because high volatility of forex pair, often leads to uncertainty in the market; there are greater chances of drastic price movements upwards or downwards or significant weekend gaps.

Markets are often most liquid during the London session, while liquidity tends to decrease before the Japan session. Therefore, finding a balance between liquidity and volatility is crucial for identifying potential trading opportunities. We will consider US dollar pairs as the US dollar is the world’s most traded and most liquid currency.

Dollar Yen Forex Pair Trade: Analyzing Exchange Rate Trends.

The 10 most volatile forex pairs


In recent years, the South African Rand has been highly volatile. Its volatility averaged almost 13% with significant price swings, and a loss of over 20% against the US dollar with a high to low range of almost 50%.


In the past three years, the Australian dollar has experienced significant volatility, losing more than 12% against the US dollar. It has fluctuated between historical highs around 0.8000 and lows near 0.6000.


Over the previous three years, the New Zealand dollar, strongly tied to the Australian economy, has demonstrated an average volatility of 9.5%, comparable to that of the Australian dollar.


Over the past few years, the US dollar has appreciated by 13% against the Mexican Peso, experiencing significant volatility. It is an attractive forex pair for traders who want volatility, fluctuating between highs of 22.000 and lows of 17.000.


The British Pound’s average volatility of 7.7% against the US dollar, over the last three years, is lower than the previous pairs.


The Japanese Yen has shown less volatility just a little above 7%, despite losing more than 40% of its value against the US dollar. This is because the currency pair has increased to historical highs over the years.


Over the past three years, the Swiss franc has remained stable in relation to the US dollar. However, the USD/CHF reached parity before plunging below 0.9000.


The average volatility of the euro against the US dollar has decreased in recent years, standing at 6.6%. Although the EUR/USD has lost about 10% of its value and even reached parity in 2022, there haven’t been any significant short-term price changes.


Due to the close ties between the US and Canadian economies, the Canadian dollar has not fluctuated as much against the USD. However, because Canada is a significant oil exporter, it may experience volatility when influenced by crude oil prices.


The least volatile currency pair in the top 10 is USD/SGD, which has averaged less than 4% over the last few years. Due to its narrow range, this minor pair is less attractive to swing traders looking for rapid price action.

AUD USD Forex Pair Trade: Analyzing Exchange Rate Dynamics.

Monitoring forex markets and forex pairs

Volatility can change over time. These figures are based on data from recent years, and volatility can vary widely in the long term. Many factors, including interest rates and geopolitical events, affect forex markets and exchange rates. It is important for traders to monitor volatility levels regularly. And adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

Traders may also decide to trade non-USD pairs such as AUD/JPY, NZD/JPY and CAD/JPY. That can experience higher volatility than major currency pairs, though there is often the risk of lower liquidity.

Depending on a trader’s trading strategy and risk tolerance, the forex currency pairs covered in this article can present diverse trading opportunities. It is crucial to manage risk and use tools like stop-loss orders to limit potential losses. Remember, forex trading carries risk, so you should always carry out extensive research before trading.

What is the most liquid forex pair?

The forex market trades approximately 180 currencies, with the most liquid pairs being EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, and USD/CAD. These pairs represent over 60% of total forex trading volume. The US dollar, considered the strongest currency as a global reserve currency, is included in most transactions and pairs.

The most liquid currency pairs are also the most tradable currency pairs.

1. EUR/USD – Top forex pair

The EUR/USD pair is in the top position. As already mentioned, this pair accounts for over 20% of trading volume in the forex market. For global traders, this ensures tighter spreads.


The USD/JPY ranks as the second most actively traded pair, characterized by high liquidity, and it constitutes approximately 13.5% of trading volume in the forex market.


The GBP/USD pair comes in third. This currency pair makes up slightly over 9% of total trading volume.


The USD/CNY currency pair is ranked #4. CNY refers to the Chinese renminbi, otherwise known as the Yuan. This pair accounts for about 6% of daily forex trades.


The USD/CAD currency pair comes in at 5th position. It has a 5.5% forex market share. US and Canadian interest rates, along with oil as an economic driver in Canada, typically influence the price of this pair.


At 6th place is the AUD/USD pair. 取引実行 this pair is referred to as trading the “Aussie”. As far as market share is concerned, the pair accounts for just over 5% of the total market share.

Euro Dollar Forex Pair Trade: Analyzing Exchange Rate Dynamics.

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Disclaimer: This material is for general informational and educational purposes only and should not be considered investment advice or an investment recommendation. T4Trade is not responsible for any data provided by third parties referenced or hyperlinked in this communication.

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